Writing Guitar Tabs in MuseScore
After brief forays into LilyPond and TuxGuitar (and a failed attempt at running Guitar Pro in Wine), I’ve settled on MuseScore for my guitar tabbing needs. Here are some notes on how I produce tab files like this one:
For more advanced topics, check out MuseScore’s Tablature handbook.
Creating a new file
- In the new score wizard, enter Title and Composer
- Select the “Choose new instruments” template
- Add “Acoustic Guitar” or “Classical Guitar”
- Select the newly added staff, click “Add Linked Staff”, and change that second staff’s type to “Tab. 6-str. common”
Customizing the music font
In “Format” > “Style” > “Score”, set the music symbols font to Bravura. The default choice of LilyPond’s Emmentaler works fine, but I prefer heavier fonts for legibility.
Styling the tab staff
I find MuseScore’s default tab style pretty noisy and hard to read. Keeping note values and ties confined to the standard staff results in a cleaner tab staff.
- Right-click the tab staff and select “Staff/Part Properties”
- Click “Advanced Style Properties”
- Change the font to Musescore Tab Sans
- Decrease the font size to 8pt
- Uncheck “Show back-tied fret marks”
- In the “Note Values” tab, select “Shown as: None”
A natural way to write your score might be to fully complete each measure before moving on to the next one, but unfortunately this is probably the slowest and most annoying way.
A much faster method is to write your score one layer at a time:
- Fill the first measure with eighth rests
- Create several dozen new measures and copy the first measure’s rests into them
- Starting back at the first measure, use your computer’s numpad and arrow keys to enter all of the song’s note pitches into the tab staff as eighth notes
- Repeat step 3 for voices (and then for note values, then for articulations, etc.)
Note that by the end of step 3, your tab staff is already 99% done! You can just consider your score finished at that point if you don’t care about the standard staff.
Since MuseScore is intended as a general-purpose score editor for all instruments, expressing guitar-specific performance techniques sometimes takes a little creativity.
Hammer-ons and pull-offs
These are usually written as slurs. Since slurs are visually similar to ties, you’ll want to hide all ties in the tab staff first.
- Complete all aspects of your tab except for hammer-ons/pull-offs
- Right-click a tie (if any exist) in your tab staff and choose “Select” > “All Similar Elements in Same Staff”
vto toggle all selected ties’ visibility to invisible
- On the starting note of each hammer-on/pull-off, hit
sto create a slur to the next note
I use a straight glissando for slower slides and an appoggiatura for faster slides. Both marks are available in the “Palettes” pane. Dragging a glissando to the tab staff (as opposed to the standard staff) will produce a clean line without the unnecessary “gliss.” text.
- Enter each slap as an E2 note, i.e. fret 0 on the low E string
- Hold down
Ctrl, select those 0’s, and hit
Shift+Xto display them as X’s
- In the standard staff, select the corresponding note heads and set “Head group: Cross” in the Inspector pane
Note that these X notes do make sound as E2 during audio playback, although they’re at least low enough to not be overly distracting. MuseScore doesn’t really provide a perfect solution to this problem, pointing to the fact that it’s primarily a score editor and not a score player.
Generating PDFs from the command line
mscore input.mscz -o output.pdf
To be extra fancy, you can set up
inotifywait to run this command on save.